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Syringomyelia is the disorder in which a cyst or cavity forms within the spinal cord. This cyst, called a syrinx, can expand and elongate over time, destroying the spinal cord. The damage may result in pain, paralysis, weakness and stiffness in the back, shoulders, and extremities. Syringomyelia may also cause a loss of the ability to feel extremes of hot or cold, especially in the hands. The disorder generally leads to a cape-like loss of pain and temperature sensation along the back and arms. Each patient experiences a different combination of symptoms. These symptoms typically vary depending on the extent and, often more critically, to the location of the syrinx within the spinal cord. Symptoms usually begin in young adulthood. Signs of the disorder tend to develop slowly, although sudden onset may occur with coughing, straining, or myelopathy.

It has been observed that obstruction of the brain-spine fluid pulsation in the subarachnoid space can result in syrinx formation. A number of pathological conditions can cause this, these include Arnold-Chiari malformation, spinal arachnoiditis, scoliosis, spinal vertebrae misalignment, spinal tumours, spina bifida and others.

Syringomyelia can also occur as a complication of trauma, meningitis, haemorrhage, a tumour. Here, the syrinx or cyst develops in a segment of the spinal cord damaged by one of these conditions. The syrinx then starts to expand. Symptoms may appear months or even years after the initial injury, starting with pain, weakness, and sensory impairment originating at the site of trauma.

Surgical approach: Depending upon the presentation various surgical treatments are described and can give good results.

Patient was suffering from highly severe back pain, also structure of the spine was not straight .After the surgery spine structure is well and patient was able to walk after within 1 hour of an operation. Get excellent treatment on all types of problems of spine , by best spine surgeon in Pune ,Dr.Avneesh gupte . Get excellent treatment on scoliosis,back pain,neck pain, sciatica


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